Patient Daily Living

Why Lower Body Muscles are So Important and How to Build Them

When you think about the important role that the leg muscles play in our functioning, it's easy to see why it is necessary to keep them in strong shape. This is especially true when it comes to senior citizens as weak thigh muscles are a risk factor for falls. Your parents will greatly benefit from thigh exercises and strengthening of these muscles. It is a good idea to encourage them to work out the lower body muscles because a little work will go a long way.

Strong thigh importance

According to the European Journal of Applied Physiology, an older adult's leg extension strength may be associated with the ability to prevent falls. Research found that those within the study who had stronger legs (when tested for a whole leg extension) were better able to prevent falls, even when there were gait disturbances.

Leg strength training exercises

According to America Family Physicians, it is safe for most adults over the age of 65 to exercise. Even those with heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, and other illnesses are usually candidates for safely exercising. Getting aerobic activity is the most ideal, but focusing on strength training exercises also helps. Depending on the health status of your parents, exercises can be done standing up, while bracing themselves on a chair, or while seated.

According to the National Institute on Aging, exercises that your parents can do to help build their lower body muscles include:

  • Chair stands – Place a pillow on the back of the chair and then practice standing up from a seated position. The object is to work up to a point where they are not using their hands to get up each time. Once the thigh muscles strengthen, they will be able to get up from that seated position. Slowly sit down and then repeat this process 8 to 15 times.
  • Plantar flexion – To strengthen the calf muscles, use ankle weights and have them stand behind a chair, bracing themselves on the back. Slowly lift the calves to be on the tiptoes and hold for one second. Slowly lower heel to the ground and then repeat the process 8 to 15 repetitions.
  • Knee flexions – Standing behind a chair, and using it for support, slowly bend knee up as far as possible, holding for one second. Slowly repeat and alternate legs, completing 8 to 15 repetitions. Ankle weights can be worn, if desired.
  • Knee extensions – While sitting in a chair have them simply extend one leg as far as possible, hold for a second, and slowly lower. Repeat and alternate legs, completing 8 to 15 repetitions. Again, ankle weights can be worn if desired.

Strengthening the leg muscles is a key component to helping your parents avoid a fall, which is the most common form of injury for their age group. Plus, it can be debilitating and send them into a spiral of poor health. Encouraging your parents to engage in strengthening muscles is one way to help keep them independent, and there are a number of products to help them stay fit.

- Written By

Anastasia Hobbs

Elder Care Expert
With over 20 years of experience in the eldercare industry, Anastasia Hobbs is a true elder care expert. Anastasia is passionate about providing compassionate care for elderly individuals and helping them stay independent.