Semi-Pro: The Health Benefits Of Partial Retirement
October 14, 2009
Retirees who transition from full-time work into a temporary or part-time job experience fewer major diseases and are able to function better day-to-day than people who stop working altogether, according to a national study in the October 2009 issue of the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, published by the American Psychological Association. The study’s authors refer to this transition as "bridge employment," which can be a part-time job, self-employment or a temporary job. Co-author Mo Wang, PhD of the University of Maryland and fellow researchers looked at the national Health and Retirement Study, sponsored by the National Institute on Aging. They used data from 12,189 participants between the ages of 51 and 61 at the beginning of the study. The participants were interviewed every two years over a 6-year period beginning in 1992 about their health, finances, employment history and work or retirement life. To measure the respondents’ health, the researchers considered only physician-diagnosed health problems, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, lung disease, heart disease, stroke and psychiatric problems. Study findings showed that people whose post-retirement jobs were related to their previous careers reported better mental health than those who fully retired. However, these mental health improvements were not found among people who worked in jobs outside their career field post-retirement. The authors say this may be because retirees who take jobs not related to their career field may need to adapt to a different work environment or job conditions and, therefore, become more stressed. Also, Wang has found retirees with financial problems are more likely to work in a different field after they officially retire. "Rather than wanting to work in a different field, they may have to work," said Wang. "In such situations, it’s difficult for retirees to enjoy the benefits that come with bridge employment." The authors suggest that, when possible, retirees carefully consider their choice of post-retirement employment. "Choosing a suitable type of bridge employment will help retirees transition better into full retirement and in good physical and mental health," said co-author Kenneth Shultz, PhD, adding that employers who are concerned about a labor shortage due to numerous baby boomers retiring might consider bridge employment options for their retirees.