A new study in the August 2010 issue of the Journal of Marriage and Family compared how well parents and adult children in six different countries get along and found significant national differences in the degree of conflict between older parents and their adult children. "Given that family life has its basis in the tension between the desire for autonomy and the need for interdependence, it is not surprising that intergenerational relations—throughout the family life cycle—are among the most ambivalent of social relationships," said Merril Silverstein, USC professor of gerontology and sociology and lead author of the study. Prior research has shown that quality of life for older persons, including both mental health and physical health, depends heavily on how well older parents get along with their adult children. To identify the social policies that might influence these relationships, Silverstein and co-authors looked at six developed countries with a range of welfare regimes and various family cultures: England, Germany, Israel, Norway, Spain and the United States. They found that affection and conflict exist simultaneously in all countries examined, but significant differences exist in how the emotions are likely to interact. "The simultaneous presence of affection and conflict in intergenerational relationships reflects emotional complexities that are intuitively obvious to anyone who is part of a family," Silverstein said. Among the findings:
"Parents in poorer functional health tended more to have detached and disharmonious relationships with their children, and those who received help from children tended more to have ambivalent relationships with them," Silverstein explained. "Together, the findings suggest that frailty and dependence on children introduce elements of friction and strain into intergenerational relationships." The study used data from the Longitudinal Study of Generations (LSOG), concentrated in Southern California, and a multinational study of intergenerational relationships funded by the European Commission, OASIS. The final sample, across the six nations, was 2,698. Vern Bengtson, AARP Chair of Gerontology at the USC Davis School of Gerontology, also contributed to the study.
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